Free basic medical care is provided to everyone in the country, without discrimination, partly funded by the state and partly by a mandatory health insurance system paid into by employers on behalf of employees. The state pays for pensioners (both age and sickness related), school-age children, students and the unemployed. Self-employed professionals must make their own health insurance payments. It should be possible to get help or advice about how and where to make payments for spouses or children for this health insurance from an employer.
Public medical care is provided in federal and municipal care facilities. These include:
Only very rarely are English-speaking staff found in any of these facilities, except in the largest city hospitals, so help with the language might be needed if a public healthcare institution has to be used. Standards can be a lot lower than in other countries, and although in large urban areas equipment might be more modern and plentiful, clinics in rural areas might be a lot older with less supplies.
In smaller cities, towns and villages outside the main centres of population, there may be no other options than public healthcare, so a Russian-speaking interpreter will be required to accompany any visit to a doctor or hospital for non-Russian speakers.
Every long-term resident of Russia (on more than a three month visa) should have a health card (meditsinskaya karta / медицинская карта) including the national health policy insurance and should present it to the person in charge before receiving free medical care. An employer will normally help with the application for this.
The national health policy insurance is a mandatory health insurance system paid into by employers on behalf of employees entitling the employee to free basic public medical care (provided to everyone in the country by the state). On top of this it is highly advisable to have a comprehensive health insurance policy with a reputable company allowing access to private medical care.
For information on the medical care available to the citizens of the following countries and what is recommended by the relevant embassies, see the sections below:
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